Category Archives: Wordpress Live Chat plugin

Vulnerability in WordPress Live Chat Plugin allows to steal and hijack sessions

Security researchers at Alert Logic have discovered a vulnerability in the WordPress Live Chat plugin that could be exploited to steal and hijack sessions.

Experts at Alert Logic have discovered a vulnerability in the popular WordPress Live Chat plugin that could be exploited by an unauthorized remote attacker to steal chat logs or manipulate chat sessions.

The critical vulnerability, tracked as CVE-2019-12498, is a critical authentication bypass issue (CWE-287 / OWASP Top 10: A2: 2017-Broken Authentication) that affects version 8.0.32 and earlier of the plugin. 

The vulnerability is caused by the improper validation check for authentication, the attacker can trigger it to access restricted REST API endpoints.

we uncovered a critical authentication bypass (CWE-287 / OWASP Top 10: A2: 2017-Broken Authentication) in version 8.0.32 and earlier.” reads the security advisory published by the experts. “This bypass allows an attacker to gain access to the REST API functionality without valid credentials—enabling exfiltration of chat logs and the ability to manipulate chat sessions.”

WP Live Chat Support provides customer support and chat with visitors through their WordPress websites, over 50,000 businesses currently use this plugin.

“The restricted REST API endpoints of the affected versions of WP Live Chat are vulnerable to abuse by unauthenticated remote attackers due to a flaw in the ‘wplc_api_permission_check()’ function.” continues the advisory.

WordPress Live Chat plugin

The REST API endpoints of unpatched WP Live Chat Support installs are potentially exposed to attacks carried out by unauthenticated remote attackers due to vulnerability in the ‘wplc_api_permission_check()’ function.”  

“The above series of ‘register_rest_route()’ calls define those REST API endpoints which should have access restrictions due to the nature of the functionality they expose,” continues the Alert Logic research team.

“Each restricted endpoint shares the same ‘permission_callback’ function, namely the ‘wplc_api_permission_check()’ function which will be explored shortly.”

A remote attacker can exploit exposed endpoints for several malicious purposes, including:

  • stealing the entire chat history for all chat sessions,
  • modifying or deleting the chat history,
  • injecting messages into an active chat session, posing as a customer support agent,
  • forcefully ending active chat sessions, as part of a denial of service (DoS) attack.

Below the timeline of the vulnerability:

Initial contact with vendor28 May 2019
Vulnerability disclosed to vendor29 May 2019
Vendor accepts vulnerability. Begins working on patch30 May 2019
Submit to NVD. CVE assigned31 May 2019
New version released. Confirmed no longer vulnerable31 May 2019
Responsible Disclosure embargo lifted10 June 2019

Fortunately, experts are not are of attacks in the wild exploiting the vulnerability.

Pierluigi Paganini

(SecurityAffairs – WordPress Live Chat plugin, hacking)

The post Vulnerability in WordPress Live Chat Plugin allows to steal and hijack sessions appeared first on Security Affairs.

Hackers Inject Scripts in WordPress Live Chat Plugin

Site administrators using WP Live Chat Support for WordPress are advised to upgrade the plug-in to the latest version to close persistent cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability that is exploited without any authentication.

Installed on more than 60,000 websites, the plug-in is presented as a free alternative to complete customer loyalty and chat solution.

The danger of automatic attacks

Sucuri researchers discovered that versions of the plug-in earlier than 8.0.27 are susceptible to persistent XSS issues that can be exploited remotely by a hacker who does not have an account on the affected site.

The hackers can automate their attacks and cover more victims, without having to authenticate on the target site. So going by the popularity of the plugin if you add it, and with little effort of the plugin, you are in for trouble.

Talking about XSS error, it’s quite serious issues, because it allows the hacker to place malicious code on websites or web applications, and then it compromises visitor accounts or shares them on modified pages.

XSS can be persistent if a malicious code is added to a section stored on the server, for instance, user comments. When a user loads the infected page, the malicious code is scanned by the browser and the attacker’s instructions are executed.

The details from Sucuri elucidates how exploiting this vulnerability could be due to unprotected “admin_init hook” – a common attack vector for WordPress plugins.

The researchers say that the wplc_head_basic function did not use the appropriate authorization controls to update the plug-in’s settings.

“Because the ‘admin_init’ hooks can be called by visiting /wp-admin/admin-post.php or /wp-admin/admin-ajax.php, an unauthenticated attacker can use these endpoints to get the ‘wplc_custom_js ‘update arbitrarily’, “Castros details

The content of the option is included on every page that loads live chat support so that hackers who reach a vulnerable site can insert JavaScript code on multiple pages

Sucuri informed developers of the plug-in on April 30 and a corrected version was released on Wednesday.

Related Resources:

Protect Your WordPress Website from SQL Injection

Yet Another WordPress Hack Exploiting Plugin Vulnerabilities

How to Clean Malware-Infected WordPress Website [Infographic]

WordPress Acting Weird? 10 Signs Your Site May Be Hacked

 

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