Category Archives: Security & Privacy

NIST Cybersecurity Framework For Organizations To Follow

The National Institute of Standards and Framework for Cyber Security Framework (CSF) was released in February 2014 in response to the residential Executive Order 13636, which recommended a standard security framework for critical infrastructure.

The NIST CSF is recognized by many as a resource to enhance the security and management operations of public and private organizations. Although the NIST CSF is an excellent guideline, for changing organizational security and risk management from a reactive to a proactive approach can be a difficult part to research and implement.

If you are unable to adopt the NIST Cyber Framework, a brief overview and summary of this framework can help you speed up your transformation security.

Here is a brief summary of the NIST Cybersecurity Framework and detailed information:

The NIST CSF consists of four main areas. This includes features, categories, subcategories, and references. The terminology used for the NIST CSF is briefly explained below.

Functions

The NIST CSF is divided into five main functions. The functions are arranged simultaneously to represent the lifecycle of security. Every feature is very important for a security situation that works well and for successful cyber risk management. The definitions for each function are as follows:

1. Identify: Developing an understanding of the organization to manage the risks of cybersecurity in the system, assets, data, and functions.
2. Protect: Develop and implement appropriate safeguards to ensure the delivery of critical infrastructure services.
3. Detect: Develop and implement appropriate activities to identify the occurrence of security events.
4. Respond: Develop and implement appropriate activities for detecting security events.
5. Recover: Develop and implement appropriate resilience activities and restore capacity or services disrupted due to security events.

Categories and subcategories

With every feature stored in the image above, there are twenty-one categories and over a hundred subcategories. The subcategories provide a framework for each category with references to other frameworks such as COBIT, ISO, ISA, and others.

Tiers

The NIST CSF Tiers represent how well an organization views cybersecurity risk and the processes in place to mitigate risks. This helps provide organizations a benchmark on how their current operations.

  • Tier 1 – Partial: Organizational cybersecurity risk is not formalized and managed in an ad hoc and sometimes reactive manner. There is also a limited awareness of cybersecurity risk management.
  • Tier 2 – Risk-Informed: There may not be an organizational-wide policy for security risk management. Management handles cybersecurity risk management based on risks as they happen.
  • Tier 3 – Repeatable: A formal organizational risk management process is followed by a defined security policy.
  • Tier 4 – Adaptable: An organization at this stage will adapt its cybersecurity policies based on lessons learned and analytics-driven to provide insights and best practices. The organization is constantly learning from the security events that do occur in the organization and will share that information with a larger network.

Using the NIST Cyber Framework is a great way to normalize cybersecurity and managing your risks. It can also be used if your company has to compare its current security operations. If you need a quick self-assessment, try the CIPHER self-assessment that guides you through all the framework’s features, categories, and subcategories.

NIST CSF shows how companies perceive the risks of cybersecurity and existing processes to mitigate them. This helps organizations to position themselves on their current processes.

Also, Read

Understanding What is NIST Compliance

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What Is FISMA Compliance?

In today’s digital world, information is the most important asset of many companies. This forms much of their business decisions and potential to earn money. This is also why others try to target corporate data. To counter this, FISMA compliance was created.

What is FISMA compliance?

FISMA is an abbreviation of the Federal Information Security Management Act. It is a United States federal law from 2002 that created a requirement for federal agencies to develop and implement an information security program. FISMA compliance is actually part of a larger act called the E-Government Act of 2002, which seeks to improve overall electronic services and processes.

All in all, FISMA is among the most important regulations when it comes to federal data security standards. It was established to reduce threats against federal data and information while managing the spending on federal information security. To attain its goals and purpose, FISMA created a set of guidelines that government agencies must adhere to. This scope was later increased to include state agencies that administer federal programs such as Medicare. FISMA compliance is also applicable to any private business that has a contractual relationship with the government.

The Office of Management and Budget, or OMB, released a new set of guidelines in April 2010 that now requires federal agencies to provide real-time data to FISMA auditors for continuous monitoring of FISMA information systems.

What Are FISMA Compliance Requirements?

In January 2003, the FISMA Implementation project was launched, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology, or NIST, played a huge role in this. They created the basic concept and standards required by FISMA. This has included several publications, including FIPS 199, FIPS 200, and NIST 800 series.

The top FISMA compliance requirements are:

  • Information System Inventory

Every federal agency and contractor that works with the government is required to keep an inventory of all systems and assets used within the organization. They should also identify integrations of these systems, as well as any others that might be in their network.

  • Security Controls

In NIST SP 800-53, it provides an extensive list of suggested security controls for FISMA compliance. Agencies and contractors don’t need to implement all these security controls; however, they are required to implement those that are relevant to their organization and network. Once done, this must be documented in their security plan.

  • System Security Plan

FISMA compliance states that agencies need to create a security plan that would be maintained and updated regularly. This plan must also be kept up to date. It should cover security controls, along with security policies and a timetable on scaling other controls.

  • Risk Assessments

A key part of FISMA compliance is assessing the risks of an agency’s information security. They can refer to NIST SP 800-30 for guidance on how to properly conduct risk assessment. It should be three-tiered in order to identify security risks from an organizational level to a business process level and finally, to an information system level.

  • Certifications and Accreditation

For FISMA compliance, agency heads and program officials need to conduct annual security reviews so they are able to minimize security threats. FISMA Certification and Accreditation can be achieved by agencies through a four-phased process: planning, certification, accreditation, and monitoring.

FISMA Compliance Benefits

The implementation of FISMA has increased the overall security for federal information. With continuous monitoring, agencies could maintain a high level of security and minimize, if not outright eliminate, vulnerabilities in an efficient manner.

Companies that operate in the private sector, especially those that deal with federal agencies, can greatly benefit from FISMA compliance, as it gives them an edge in acquiring new business from other federal agencies.

What Are the Penalties for Non-compliance of FISMA Requirements?

There is a range of potential penalties for both federal agencies and private companies that do not adhere to FISMA compliance regulations, which includes reduction of federal budget, censure by Congress, and of course, damage to their reputation.

Best Practices for FISMA Compliance

Obtaining FISMA compliance should not be difficult. Here are best practices to help an organization meet the requirements set forth by FISMA. It may not be exhaustive, but it will help in attaining the goal of compliance.

  • Automatically encrypt all sensitive data: It is ideal to have this as a norm and even supply your team with a tool to encrypt data based on classification level or when it is put at risk.
  • Classify information: When creating data, they should be classified based on sensitivity immediately. This helps in prioritizing when to implement security controls.
  • Document written evidence of FISMA Compliance: As updates occur, make sure to document all changes done, in order to adhere to FISMA regulations.

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Facebook Offers to Pay Users for Sharing Information

Facebook invited lots of criticism earlier this year for having paid users in the 13 to 35 age group for permission to install a “Facebook Research” VPN on their phones. The users were paid up to $20 a month. Upon being widely criticized for accessing data of such users, Facebook had to defend its stand. The project, however, ended and that put an end to the issue for the time being.

Now, Facebook is back with another similar venture. The company has introduced a new app- the Study app, which is reportedly going to be used for “studying” users. The users, in exchange, would get paid.

In an official blog post dated June 11, 2019, Facebook Product Manager Sagee Ben-Zedeff says, “Earlier this year, we announced that we’d be shifting our focus to reward-based market research programs, which means that all research participants are compensated. Today we are launching a new market research app called Study from Facebook.”

He further explains, “We’ve learned that what people expect when they sign up to participate in market research has changed, and we’ve built this app to match those expectations. We’re offering transparency, compensating all participants, and keeping people’s information safe and secure.”

User sign-up and participation

The Facebook blog post explains that ads would be run to encourage people to participate in the Study market research program. People who click on the ad would find the option to register for the program. Once they qualify, they would be invited to download the app. They can download the Study from Facebook app from the Google Play Store and then sign up. Upon signing up, users would be able to see a description of how the app works and what information they would be sharing with Facebook. This helps them confirm if they want to participate or not.

Facebook would also notify users, on the Study from Facebook website as well as through the Play Store description as to what information would be collected and also as to how the information would be used. This would be available for participants to access before they start providing market research information to Facebook via the Study app. The users who contribute to the research program would be compensated and participants would be able to opt out at any time. They can do this by uninstalling the Study app and notifying the vendor about their intention to end the participation.

The Study app would only be available to users in the U.S and India in the first phase. Later, the app would be improved and expanded to other countries as well. As of now, users who are 18 and older would be eligible to participate in the research program.

Facebook collaborates with long-time partner Applause as regards managing the logistics of the market research program. Applause, which collaborates with many companies and is experienced in managing similar kinds of market researches, would manage the registration process, all compensation to participants, and customer support.

How the information is collected

Facebook promises, through the official blog post, that it would be collecting only the minimum amount of information needed to help build better products. The company reassures users that it has a responsibility to keep people’s information safe and secure.

Facebook intends to remind participants periodically that they are part of the research program. The users would also have the option to review the information that they would be sharing with Facebook. The information that’s collected and analyzed as part of the research program includes information pertaining to apps installed on the user’s device, the amount of time spent using the apps, app activity names (which might include the names of app features used by the participants), plus details regarding the participant’s country, device and network type.

Facebook assures participants that it wouldn’t collect user IDs, passwords or any other content added by the participant, including messages, photos and videos. Facebook wouldn’t sell the information collected as part of the research program to third parties or use it for targeting ads. It’s also stated that the information wouldn’t be added to the participant’s Facebook account.

Facebook would, however, be referencing other information that the company has about participants, such as their age, gender and how they use Facebook Company products when analyzing data from the Study app. This, according to the company, would help learn more about how participants use different services.

Product Manager Sagee Ben-Zedeff’s concluding remarks are notable; he says, “Approaching market research in a responsible way is really important. Transparency and handling people’s information responsibly have guided how we’ve built Study from Facebook. We plan to take this same approach going forward with other market research projects that help us understand how people use different products and services.”

Related Resources:

5 Suggestion To Facebook To Gain Users’ Confidence

Facebook Stored User Passwords in Plain Text for Years!

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The 10 Best Dropbox Alternatives and Which One is The Safest

Dropbox is the most popular cloud storage provider in the world. Thanks to its cloud server, millions of businesses and individuals can store their files or documents in virtual memory, making them available worldwide when they want it.

However, Dropbox is not the only cloud storage game we have, there are Microsoft OneDrive and Google Drive, which are well-known alternatives, while much smaller cloud storage applications have emerged in recent times.

This blog discusses Dropbox security and suggests 10 main options if you need an alternative to Dropbox. That way, you must be able to find cloud storage options that will protect your important documents safely and make them accessible to those who need them.

How to find the best Dropbox alternative?

These problems are not unique to Dropbox, and finding a more personal and reliable Dropbox alternative is not simple. When looking for a safe Dropbox alternative, there are a number of things you should look for.

First, encryption is important. As we have seen, Dropbox itself has a fairly high score here, and all Dropbox alternatives must at least match 256-bit encryption and use TSL / SSL.

Two-factor authentication procedures are also important to ensure that attackers cannot access accounts in the cloud. And it’s convincing to see cloud storage companies that are open about the code they use. The more information, the better.

Another reference point for shorthand is ISO 27001. Any safe Dropbox alternative will achieve this certification, which ensures that the practice of risk management is in accordance with the task.

Safety is not everything. You also want various features compared to what Dropbox offers. So search for suites for editing, sharing files with one click, easy synchronization with the hard drive, backward function to return to the previous document version and the ability to connect multiple devices.

The 10 best alternative options of Dropbox in 2019

After running a series of criteria to consider when finding alternatives to Dropbox, which is the best provider in 2019? Here are the 10 best options for our storage in the cloud:

  1. pCloud

pCloud is probably the best Dropbox alternative. Based on the crazy privacy, it allows you to “rewind” to recover lost document, allow synchronization and optimize for collaboration. If you pay a little more for the pCloud Crypto service, you’ll also get industry-leading security. However, free accounts do not include 256-bit AES encryption, so data is not protected.

  1. SugarSync

The version of the SugarSync file and the excellent synchronization system make it ideal for complex business projects. Users get 5 GB of free storage during a 90-day free trial, while the service implements a “no knowledge” policy, which guarantees that staff will not look at the document. The disadvantages? There is no document editor, and the price can be a bit expensive for some people.

  1. SpiderOak

Directed by Edward Snowden’s support, SpiderOak is among the elite cloud storage options. You can easily synchronize, backup copies of certain hard drives and folders, while end-to-end encryption guarantees a high level of security. This is also zero knowledge, so this is an excellent Dropbox alternative for anyone who cares about privacy.

  1. Box

Founded in 2005, Box has long been an original Dropbox alternative, serving more than half of Fortune 500 companies. Thanks to the recent “Box Skills” update, it is now highly customizable to manage various types of files. Security is another point of sale, with full encryption and key adjustment, adding another layer of security to data on the fly.

  1. Team Drives

Team Drive could be the best Dropbox alternative for people with a limited budget. The registry receives 2 GB of free storage, but can increase it to 10 GB by recommending friends for this service, and this can be extended to 1 TB relatively cheaply. There are no editing tools, but if you need a reduced cloud storage service, it works really well.

  1. CloudMe

Used primarily as a backup of company files, CloudMe does this well. Based in Sweden, which takes into account the privacy, its free package comprises 3 GB of storage, but there is no encryption. You must therefore encrypt the files before saving them.

  1. Amazon CloudDrive

The Amazon Dropbox alternative is a good place to store media files and the introduction of the latest sync makes it much better for students and business users alike. It will start with 5GB of free storage (and unlimited storage for photos), and the user interface is very easy to use. But there is no encryption at the moment, so it may not be the safest Dropbox alternative available.

  1. MediaFire

Far more basic than Dropbox, MediaFire does not allow synchronization with the local desktop and the security policy is pretty fuzzy. But with 10GB of free initial storage and low prices to add extra space, this is a popular economic cloud storage option.

  1. Microsoft OneDrive

OneDrive offers exceptional Microsoft Office integration (as expected) and is very useful for storing all kinds of files, including movies, photos, and documents. There is even a Kodi add-on that makes it easy to play OneDrive movies. But beware: Microsoft scans documents protected by copyright. Even worse, they offer no encryption to normal customers. So security is a big failure.

  1. Google Drive

With a combination of word processing, spreadsheet and presentation tools, Google’s cloud storage system is packed with convenient features. There is 15GB of free storage space and the direct chat feature is ideal for real-time collaboration. AES-256 encryption is standard and two-factor authentication can also be applied. However, Google decrypts and scans documents before saving them, which can increase the security alarm. And they also have full access to the contents of stored documents.

Find the best Dropbox alternative for your information sharing needs.

If you’re worried about the security or pricing features of Dropbox, find an alternative cloud storage provider and put your mind at rest. As we’ve seen, there are similar options from big names like Box, Google, Microsoft and Amazon. However, our picks for the best Dropbox alternative are smaller, more security-focused providers. Go for pCloud, SugarSync or SpiderOak, and your files should be totally secure.

If you’re concerned about the security or pricing features of Dropbox, look for an alternative and a resting cloud storage provider. As we have seen, there are similar options for big names like Box, Google, Microsoft and Amazon. However, our selections for the best Dropbox alternative are smaller and more security-oriented providers. Go to pCloud, SugarSync or SpiderOak and your files must be completely secure.

Also Read:

Are Apps Like Slack And Dropbox Actually Vulnerable To Attack?

Box.com Flaw Enables Folder/File Access To Unauthorized Users

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DRM: What Is Digital Rights Management? Is It Useful?

Singers, video game producers, and anyone who creates digital content all dislike one thing: piracy and copyright infringement. Since the creation of digital products, content makers have always experimented with ways to stop users from distributing and selling their product without permission. That’s why digital security experts continue to find ways to improve Digital Rights Management, or DRM systems.

What Is Digital Rights Management? What Does It Protect?

When mentioning DRM to people, there is always a few who ask, “What is Digital Rights Management?” or, “What is DRM?”

In the simplest terms, Digital Rights Management, or “DRM,” is a method of protecting copyrighted material from being used by others in ways that are not permitted by the creator.

When someone creates a digital product, like music or video games, the creator is given special rights by law. These include the right to get paid for the use of their work by another person, the right to decide how others may use their creation, and the right to be paid by others for selling their creation.

But because hundreds of people can buy a digital product online, it’s difficult for creators to monitor how their product is being used. To protect their rights over their creation and to be paid for its use, DRM systems are used.

What Is Digital Rights Management? — Common Process of DRM

DRM is usually a two-phase process: The first phase is the encryption of the digital product, and the second phase is the authentication process.

The authentication process can be software-based or hardware-based, with the latter being a much stricter form of authentication. If users pass the authentication process, the decryption process is used to decrypt the digital product from its security box and enable its usage.

What Is Digital Rights Management? — Kinds of DRMs

Digital Rights Management is not a new creation; it’s been around since the beginning of digital content and digital products. But the forms of DRMs have evolved over time and become even more sophisticated. Here are common forms of DRM used today:

Product key DRM is a commonly used DRM for professional-use software, like Microsoft Office or Adobe Photoshop CS6. These are known to use product key DRMs.

Limited use DRM is mostly used by video or music stream platforms like Netflix and Spotify. Limited use DRMs prevent the number of times a product can be used on multiple devices.

“Trap” DRM is a creative form of DRM that some game developers use to prevent video game piracy. Games like “Serious Sam 3” and “Game Dev Tycoon” are games with this kind of DRM.

Authentication DRM is another DRM form that many game developers and game distributors use to prevent game piracy. This kind of DRM often requires account authentication to check if the product used is authentic or a cracked version.

“Always On” DRM, or “always online” DRM, is the strongest and the most consumer-hated type of DRM, especially when used in video games. This DRM system requires an internet connection to use the digital product or service.

Piracy is a growing industry in the digital age, so knowledge of DRM systems is important not only to digital product makers but also to buyers, since they are most affected by the implementation of DRMs. So, the next time someone asks, “What is Digital Rights Management?” or, “What is DRM used for?”, it will be easy to explain what it is and why it’s being used.

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Smartphone Backdoor found in Four models in Germany

Almost all mobile phones make two serious mistakes for their users: following their movements and listening to their conversations. That’s why we call it “Stalin’s dream”.

Almost all phone processors have a universal back door that phones often use to transmit all the calls they hear.

The back door is the result of 20-year-old mistakes still not fixed. The ability to leave vulnerabilities is morally equivalent to writing a backdoor.

The back door is located in the “modem processor” responsible for communicating with the radio network. For most phones, the modem processor controls the microphone. On most phones, it is also possible to rewrite the software for the main processor.

Some phone models are specially designed so that the modem processor cannot control the microphone and you cannot change the software in the main processor. They still have the back door, but at least they cannot turn the phone into a listening device.

The universal backdoor also seems to be used to send phones even when they are off. This means that your movements will be recorded and that you can activate the hearing function.

ZDNet reports that backdoor found in four smartphone models, and 20,000 users infected.

German cyber-security agency warns against buying or using four low-end smartphone models.

Impacted models include the Doogee BL7000, the M-Horse Pure 1, the Keecoo P11, and the VKworld Mix Plus (malware present in the firmware, but inactive). All four are low-end Android smartphones.

Phones infected with backdoor Trojan

The BSI said the phones’ firmware contained a backdoor trojan named Andr/Xgen2-CY.

UK cyber-security firm Sophos Labs first spotted this malware strain in October 2018. In a report it published at the time, Sophos said the malware was embedded inside an app named SoundRecorder, included by default on uleFone S8 Pro smartphones.

Sophos said Andr/Xgen2-CY was designed to work as an unremovable backdoor on infected phones.

The malware’s basic design was to start running once the phone was turned on, collect details about an infected phone, ping back its command-and-control server, and wait for future instructions.

According to Sophos, Andr/Xgen2-CY could collect data such as:

The device’s phone number
Location information, including longitude, latitude, and a street address
IMEI identifier and Android ID
Screen resolution
Manufacturer, model, brand, OS version
CPU information
Network type
MAC address
RAM and ROM size
SD Card size
Language and country
Mobile phone service provider

Once a profile of an infected phone was registered on the attacker’s server, they could use the malware to:

  • Download and install apps
  • Uninstall apps
  • Execute shell commands
  • Open URL in a browser (though this function appeared to be a work in progress in the sample we analyzed)

Malware removal is not possible

The malware isn’t just some overly-aggressive advertising module either. Sophos said its author tried to hide the malicious code, and the backdoor was disguised as part of an Android support library, in a way meant to hide it from view.

“Manual removal of the malware is not possible due to its anchoring in the internal area of the firmware,” the BSI said today.

The malware can be removed just via a firmware update issued by the phone makers. Unfortunately, firmware updates without the malicious backdoor are only available for the Keecoo P11 model, but not the others.

The German cyber-security agency said it’s seeing at least 20,000 German-based IP addresses connecting to the Andr/Xgen2-CY’s command and control servers on a daily basis, suggesting that there are still many German users who use the infected phones for daily tasks. Users in other countries are most likely impacted as well.

The BSI warns that users of these devices are now at risk of having other malware pushed to their devices from the malware’s control servers, such as ransomware, banking trojans, or adware.

This is not the first incident of its kind. In November 2016, two reports, from Kryptowire and Anubis Networks, found two Chinese companies that were making firmware components for larger Chinese phone makers were embedding a backdoor-like functionality inside their code.

In December 2016, security researchers from Dr.Web found a downloader for Android malware embedded in the firmware of 26 Android smartphone models.

  1. In July 2017, Dr.Web found versions of the Triada banking trojan hidden in the firmware of several Android smartphones.
  2. In March 2018, the same Dr.Web found the same Triada trojan embedded in the firmware of 42 other Android smartphone models.
  3. In May 2018, Avast researchers found the Cosiloon backdoor trojan in the firmware of 141 Android smartphones.

In all incidents, all the smartphone models were from little-known vendors selling low-end class Android devices.

Also, Read

How Protect Your Android Device From The Mobile Banking Trojan

22 Apps in Google Play Store Taken Down Due To Backdoor Downloaders

A Closer Look At Simple Signs That A Is Possibly Smartphone Is Infected

7 Useful Android Vulnerability Scanners

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What is HIPAA Compliance?

HIPAA Definition

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is a bill that was signed by then-President Bill Clinton in 1996. One of this act’s main goals is to update the flow of healthcare information and consequently improve the protection of patient data. Through HIPAA compliance, reducing of health care fraud and abuse is thoroughly addressed.

HIPAA targets to mandate all institutions that deal with PHI (protected health information) to adhere to industry-wide standards. This is structured to guarantee that all healthcare information is protected through implementing physical, network, and process security measures.

What Is HIPAA Compliance? — HIPAA Privacy Rule

The HIPAA Privacy Rule sets principles that aim to protect certain electronic healthcare-related information. Its main objective is to secure patients’ medical records and other personal healthcare data. Medical information that is appended with this HIPAA compliance rule includes:

  • HIV/AIDS.
  • Substance/Alcohol Abuse.
  • Mental Health.

Through the implementation of the HIPAA Privacy Rule, patients can ensure that the privacy of all their sensitive healthcare data is being safeguarded by appropriate protocols. Through HIPAA compliance, they can guarantee that unauthorized disclosure of such data will be strictly monitored.

Patients can also retain their rights over their own medical data. This means that they are entitled to request a copy of their healthcare records and appeal for corrections when deemed necessary.

What Is HIPAA Compliance? — HIPAA Security Rule

The HIPAA Security Rule outlines standards that will assure top-grade protection for all electronic healthcare information. These include any medical data that are created, received, used, or maintained in electronic form.

To ensure proper implementation of the HIPAA Security Rule, the law mandates that all administrative, physical, and technical safeguards must be in place. Here is a brief guide about these required safeguards:

Administrative safeguards are organizational policies and procedures that are set as guidelines to implement and maintain proper medical data security measures. These include proper supervision of employee conduct with regards to sensitive healthcare information security.

Physical safeguards refer to all physical electronic medical data security measures and policies that need to be administered. These include workstation use and security, device and media controls, and full access control to facilities.

Technical safeguards aim to administer the technology and the corresponding policies and procedures for the technology’s usage and implementation.

What Is HIPAA Compliance’s Importance?

With more and more healthcare-related institutions adopting modernized technologies in their operations, almost all healthcare records are now saved in electronic form. This makes HIPAA compliance a standard in today’s healthcare industry landscape.

The good thing with HIPAA compliance is that it is flexible and scalable for any covered institution. Any healthcare industry company will be able to distinguish the appropriate privacy and security measures that they should implement to obtain rigid medical data security.

To better understand HIPAA, here are a few best practices with regards to HIPAA compliance:

What Is HIPAA Compliance? — Best Practices

  1. Security measures must include an up-to-date training program for employees about the proper management and handling of sensitive healthcare records.
  2. Avoid accessing a patient’s record unless given proper authorization or when it is extremely necessary.
  3. All computer programs containing sensitive medical data must be locked down when not in use.
  4. Install a reliable anti-virus software on all computers. This IT solution is designed to keep all malware and other security risks out of your computer systems.

What Is HIPAA Compliance? — Conclusion

Non-compliance to HIPAA can be costly. Depending on the gravity of the violation, penalties can reach up to USD250,000. That is why healthcare industry companies must take HIPAA compliance with the utmost importance. After all, HIPAA aims to improve the protection of all patients’ electronically saved medical records.

Related Resources:

Healthcare Data Security Services and Processes

How Healthcare Organizations Can Solve Cybersecurity Issues

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Beware of These 7 Common Email Spams

The types of email spams break the chain of luring offers that scare us when we check our emails. Almost everyone who has an email address sometimes has to deal with spam mail. However, if you know how to identify this spam email, you will not be the victim of the many online scams.

Email spam is more than just a nuisance. It’s also a lot of activity on the internet. Researchers say that an estimated 560 billion spam messages are sent every day, which constitutes 91% of all email communication. Although only a small percentage of spam recipients in these junk posts have been cheated, victims have lost nearly $ 500 million through cybercrime according to the FBI. This equates to 26,000 complaints per month or one request every 100 seconds.

To guard against these statistics, you need some information about what to look for in terms of spam and common sense. A good antivirus program does not hurt either. Knowing the different types of email spams, such as phishing scams, e-mail spoofing, Nigerian fraud, and pornography, is the first step in protecting yourself. It is also helpful to understand when it makes sense to reject an amazing (and probably fraudulent) offer or to check if it is a real business and not just a spammer who claims to be a true business.

As a rule, always review an offer, the URL of the website, of the suspicious email before revealing any personal information, password, or money. With these tips and common sense, even an impaired duck can fight different types of email spam. Remember, unless you don’t allow spammers cannot take you for a ride.

1. Unsolicited Advertisements

Unsolicited E-mail Ads are rather annoying because they are located in the junk mail folder, but they are usually quite low in the spam list. Hundreds of billions of e-mails are sent every day, most miracle weight loss drugs, men’s enhancement products, replacement products, online study programs, and drugs.

2. Phishing Scams

One of the most difficult types of spam to detect phishing emails. These programs are designed to look like official emails from financial institutions or large corporations like eBay and PayPal, but actually, redirect victims to an official-looking fraudulent website. This user is tricked to voluntarily enter their usernames and passwords, which are then used by the criminals to compromise real accounts.

3. Trojan horse Email

This email worm is considered obsolete in spam history books and are bad little bugs that not only infect the victim’s computer, but also send it to anyone on the victim’s contact list. The most famous worm was the ‘2000 ILOVEYOU’. It was a great success because who does not want to open the email of a loved one called I love you? Once opened and downloaded, the attached script would damage the local computer and be sent to all the known persons of the victim.

4. Chain Letters

Something bad will happen to you” Usually chain letters tell exciting stories and convince you to convey the message, otherwise you will be forced to do something very serious. Be careful or you will be unlucky.

5. Email Spoofing

Instead of using a technique to make other spam methods more credible, many spammers send messages that appear to come from a different email address than they actually have. This identity theft technique gives the impression that a fraudulent e-mail comes from a trusted source, company or organization. This strengthens the victim’s confidence, making participation in the fraud more likely.

6. Antivirus, Spam

No one wants a virus. When victims receive emails indicating that their computer is infected, and out of fear the user will believe the claim. Victims will fall into the trap and download the software in the pretence that it is an antivirus software, but they actually infect their computers with dubious viruses. To get rid of the virus, the software requires money to clean up the newly installed virus.

7. Porn Spam

Pornography is a major activity around the world that is used by a high percentage of the population and is a major source of harmful content. Porn spammers collect or purchase email addresses from people, send complete T&A announcements and direct victims to adult websites that are full of virtual versions of sexually transmitted diseases.

Also, Read

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