Category Archives: Science

MIT Researchers Developed a ‘System For Dream Control’

dmoberhaus writes: Researchers at MIT Media Lab have adapted a centuries' old technique for inducing hypnagogia for the 21st century. Known as Dormio, this system is able to extend and manipulate the period users spend in a transitional state of consciousness between wakefulness and sleep known as hypnagogia. This state is characterized by vivid hallucinations and microdreams, and as the MIT researchers demonstrated, the contents of these microdreams can be manipulated with the system and subsequently result in heightened creativity when the user awakes. Motherboard got the exclusive details on the system.

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Counter Intelligence – Demonfuzz Records - That would be the the James Brown-penned and -produced Lyn Collins song “Think (About it)”, which has been sampled on more than 2,000 tracks, making it the third most-sampled track of all time.

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IQ, explained in 9 charts - Nobody wants to be a number. But there is one number that probably says a lot about you, whether you know it or not: your IQ, or intelligence quotient. (President Donald Trump recently bragged to For…

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Where Does a SIEM Fit In? - This is Recorded Future, inside threat intelligence for cybersecurity. Hello everyone, and welcome to episode 41 of the Recorded Future podcast. I’m Dave Bittner from the CyberWire. Thanks for joinin…

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What Is Computer Vision Syndrome?

Computer Vision Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Computer Vision Syndrome?

With computers and other electronic devices becoming an integral part of our daily lives, many individuals end up watching computer screens, tablet, e-reader, and smartphones for prolonged or extended periods that can put a real strain on one’s eyes.

This digital eye strain falls under the heading ‘Computer Vision Syndrome (CVS)’. CVS has become more common these days as almost 50% to 90% of people work on computer screens for more than 3 to 4 hours a day. Not only working adults but even kids are affected due to use of tablets and computers at school if used for prolonged hours. However, CVS is a temporary condition that is caused due to concentrating on computer screen for too long.

What causes Computer Vision Syndrome?

There are a number of factors that contributes for CVS to develop. This could include lighting in the room, seating position, distance from the screen, glare and reflections on the monitor and surroundings, strain on the muscles of the eye due to work style, poor workstation setup or incorrect use of workstation, decreased blink rate or tear function, uncorrected spectacle power, inappropriate glasses for computer use, angle of the head, job nature and stress. Any one or all of the factors combine to cause an uncomfortable amount of strain on your eyes. Also, when one reaches around 40 years, the ability to concentrate on near and far objects starts going away, which is called as ‘presbyopia’ by eye doctors.

Symptoms of Computer Vision Syndrome

Regular use of computer can start having effects on your body including eyes, although there is no proof that it causes any long-term damage to the eyes. However, you may have experienced at least one of the common symptoms of CVS which include:

  • Headaches
  • Neck pain
  • Shoulder pain
  • Burning eyes
  • Dry, red eyes
  • Eye irritation
  • Light sensitivity
  • Double or blurred vision
  • Eye fatigue
  • Vertigo/Dizziness
  • Polypia
  • Difficulty in changing focus between far and near

If you experience any of the above problems, it is advisable to look into to avoid further damage to your eyes.

Treatment for Computer Vision Syndrome

A few simple changes can help prevent or reduce the risk of computer eye strain and other common symptoms of CVS:

  • Use proper lighting that is comfortable on your eyes, and prevents you from staring into glare on the computer screen. Adjust or add window blinds and get an anti-glare screen on your monitor. Position the computer screen to reduce reflections from windows or overhead lights. If the overhead fixtures are too bright, change light bulbs to a full spectrum light or a lower wattage light. Buy yourself a desk lamp with a moveable shade that casts light evenly over your desk.
  • Place your computer at least 20 inches away from your eyes. Adjust the monitor so that it is slightly below your eye level, about 20 to 28 inches away from your face. Adjust the screen settings to where they are comfortable, such as contract polarity, resolution, flicker, brightness, contrast, and font size.
  • Ensure that your chair is comfortable and has support for your neck and back. This will help you avoid neck and shoulder strain commonly associated with CVS.
  • Follow the 20-20-20 rule. Every 20 minutes, spend 20 seconds looking at something 20 feet away, that will give the overused muscles and computer eye strain a necessary time out. Blink often to keep your eyes moist, as blinking washes your eyes in naturally therapeutic tears. Use eye lubricants, if you have dry eyes to keep them moist.
  • If you wear glasses, purchase lenses with anti-reflective (AR) coating. AR coating reduces glare by minimizing the amount of light reflecting off the front and back surfaces of your eyeglass lenses.
  • Visit your eye doctor regularly for comprehensive eye exams and keep your prescriptions up to date. It could also be time to try a separate set of glasses while in front of a computer.

Disclaimer: Please note that this article should not be construed as a medical advice. This article is not intended to replace the recommendations of a medical professional.

The post What Is Computer Vision Syndrome? appeared first on TechWorm.

Drones and urban counter-terrorism - Let’s start by picturing a busy Saturday market scene in a larger Western city: An unmarked panel van crashes through the “No Vehicles” barrier around the market square. It rams a stall, hits several…

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Integral Partners LLC | LinkedIn - Integral Partners LLC is a cybersecurity consulting firm dedicated to helping customers define and implement information security solutions to enable their businesses in an environment of increasing …

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MIT Discovers Way To Mass-Produce Graphene In Large Sheets

New submitter Paige.Bennett writes: Up till now, graphene has been produced in small batches in labs. But MIT just found a way to mass-produce graphene in large sheets using a process that rolls out five centimeters of graphene each minute. The longest span so far was nearly four hours, which produced about 10 meters of graphene. According to MIT, here's how their conveyor belt system works: "The first spool unfurls a long strip of copper foil, less than one centimeter wide. When it enters the furnace, the foil is fed through first one tube and then another, in a 'split-zone' design. While the foil rolls through the first tube, it heats up to a certain ideal temperature, at which point it is ready to roll through the second tube, where the scientists pump in a specified ratio of methane and hydrogen gas, which are deposited onto the heated foil to produce graphene." The work has been published in the journal Materials and Interfaces.

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The History of Cyber Warfare - Business demand for specialized knowledge in a growing digital world will continue to expand as new technology security concerns arise. Lewis University’s online M.S. in Computer Science with a conce…

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Be ready for upcoming ‘cyber warfare’ - Expect stepped-up ‘cyber warfare’: UK counter-terrorism expert Michael Clarke has urged the British public to be ready for “cyber warfare” within the next two or three weeks as Russia responds to Fri…

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Senior Systems Engineer Electronic Warfare (Cyber / RF / SIGINT), Fort Wayne, Indiana, United States – - Senior Systems Engineer Electronic Warfare (Cyber / RF / SIGINT) Requisition ID108218BR Date updated12/26/2017 Raytheon Space and Airborne Systems (SAS) Systems Verification Center (SVC) is seeking s…

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Cloud Security Alliance Releases New Research: Building a Foundation for Successful Cyber Threat Intelligence Exchange – Cloud Security Alliance - Paper offers key considerations for corporations seeking to collaborate on security incidents impacting the cloud environment SEATTLE, WA and SAN FRANCISCO, CA – RSA Conference Booth #1039 – April 16…

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Secureworks Innovates Its Advanced Endpoint Threat Detection Solution, Powered By Red CloakTM Technology, to Include Active Threat Hunting - World News: 17:05 GMT Monday 16th April 2018. [Secureworks via Businesswire via SPi World News] Secureworks® (NASDAQ: SCWX), a leading global cybersecurity company that protects organizations in the …

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Secureworks : Innovates Its Advanced Endpoint Threat Detection Solution, Powered By Red CloakTM Technology, to Include Active Threat Hunting | 4-Traders - Secureworks® (NASDAQ: SCWX), a leading global cybersecurity company that protects organizations in the digitally connected world, today announced a new service level for its Advanced Endpoint Threat …

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Wild Minds Wanted – EcoHustler - By Matt Mellen, first published on Plant Based News – here Could we measure the IQ of the entire planet? One way might be to establish the intelligence of each living being on Earth and then calculat…

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Cloud Security Alliance Releases New Research: Building a Foundation for Successful Cyber Threat Intelligence Exchange - Authored by the CSA Cloud Cyber Incident Sharing Center (CISC) Working Group, the report was written primarily for corporations beginning to explore—or that have already begun—the exchange of cyber s…

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David Sanger: Covering Cyberwar: A New Weapon, a New Era of Conflict, and the Government Secrecy Around It – Shorenstein Center - March 3, 2015 — David E. Sanger, national security correspondent at The New York Times, discussed key developments and considerations for covering cyberwar and cyberattacks. Cyberwar is “a non-tradit…

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The Scientific Paper Is Obsolete

James Somers, writing for The Atlantic: The scientific paper -- the actual form of it -- was one of the enabling inventions of modernity. Before it was developed in the 1600s, results were communicated privately in letters, ephemerally in lectures, or all at once in books. There was no public forum for incremental advances. By making room for reports of single experiments or minor technical advances, journals made the chaos of science accretive. Scientists from that point forward became like the social insects: They made their progress steadily, as a buzzing mass. The earliest papers were in some ways more readable than papers are today. They were less specialized, more direct, shorter, and far less formal. Calculus had only just been invented. Entire data sets could fit in a table on a single page. What little "computation" contributed to the results was done by hand and could be verified in the same way. The more sophisticated science becomes, the harder it is to communicate results. Papers today are longer than ever and full of jargon and symbols. They depend on chains of computer programs that generate data, and clean up data, and plot data, and run statistical models on data. These programs tend to be both so sloppily written and so central to the results that it's contributed to a replication crisis, or put another way, a failure of the paper to perform its most basic task: to report what you've actually discovered, clearly enough that someone else can discover it for themselves.

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Conspiracy Theorists Believe That Nibiru Will End The World On April 23

Nibiru: Will the world end in April 2018?

Predictions regarding the extinction of humanity, or huge collapse of civilization, the destruction of the planet or even the universe has been going on as long as mankind has walked the Earth.

Now, conspiracy theorists have come up with fresh fears that the world will end as early as April 23, as a giant mysterious death star “Nibiru” also known as Planet X, is set to cause destruction across the Earth. Nibiru is supposed to be a large object that is on a collision course with Earth.

David Meade, a Christian numerologist and who writes for Planet X News told the Daily Express newspaper that the occurrence of an apocalypse on April 23 will ultimately destroy our Earth. It is claimed that the Sun, Moon and Jupiter will align in the constellation Virgo, igniting the beginning of the biblical Rapture, which is also known as the second coming of Jesus Christ.

Conspiracy theorists say a passage in the bible from the book of Revelation 12:1-2 points to the end of the world. Astrological constellations are said to match up with passage 12:1-2 of the Book of Revelations, which reads: “And a great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of 12 stars. She was pregnant and was crying out in birth pains and the agony of giving birth.”

The woman in the passage is believed to be Virgo, where the Sun and Moon are claimed to align, along with the Jupiter, which represents the Messiah, that matches the planetary alignment due to take place on April 23, theorists say.

Meade believes that on that night, Nibiru or Planet X will suddenly appear in the sky and may collide with our Earth or may fly very close to Earth that will bring finally bring destruction on our planet in the form of massive volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, and tsunamis on Earth.

Meade has referred to this spring as an “end of days convergence.”

Responding to the latest claims, pessimists say that this type of particular astrological alignment happens every 12 years, but Meade believes it otherwise.

He says: “By early April of 2018, the disappearance of the Church (all true Christians worldwide also known as the Rapture) will occur.

“This will be followed quickly by the rise of the Antichrist, the appearance of Planet X and World War III.

“Seven years of Tribulation will ensure. This is beyond any shadow of doubt.”

He also said that the upcoming planetary alignment is a “unique once-in-a-century sign”.

He added: “During this time frame, on April 23, 2018 the moon appears under the feet of the Constellation Virgo.

“The Sun appears to precisely clothe Virgo… Jupiter is birthed on April 08, 2018.

“The 12 stars at that date include the nine stars of Leo, and the three planetary alignments of Mercury, Venus and Mars – which combine to make a count of 12 stars on the head of Virgo.

“Thus the constellations Virgo, Leo and Serpens-Ophiuchus represent a unique once-in-a-century sign exactly as depicted in the 12th chapter of Revelation. This is our time marker.”

Before you start to panic, please note that Meade and fellow doomsday foretellers have in the past incorrectly predicted the end of the world. NASA experts has dismissed the theory calling it a hoax. It has also said repeatedly that Nibiru does not exist and released a statement to confirm it wasn’t true.

The statement read: “Various people are ‘predicting’ that world will end on September 23 when another planet collides with Earth. The planet in question, Nibiru, doesn’t exist, so there will be no collision,” the space agency said.

“Nibiru and other stories about wayward planets are an internet hoax.

“There is no factual basis for these claims. If Nibiru or Planet X were real and headed for an encounter with the Earth astronomers would have been tracking it for at least the past decade, and it would be visible by now to the naked eye.

“Obviously, it does not exist.”

The post Conspiracy Theorists Believe That Nibiru Will End The World On April 23 appeared first on TechWorm.

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Coin Miner Reports Outrank Ransomware by Two Orders of Magnitude, According to Bitdefender Telemetry - While the common belief is that only endpoints are facing this mounting threat, threat actors in need of increased computing power and resources have been gunning for data center, as they are more lu…

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Late To Bed, Early To Die? Night Owls May Die Sooner

An anonymous reader shares a report: Bad news for "night owls": Those who tend to stay up late and sleep in well past sunrise are at increased risk of early death, a new study from the United Kingdom suggests. The research, which involved nearly half a million people, found that self-described "evening people" were 10 percent more likely to die over a 6.5-year period, compared with self-described morning people. The findings add to a growing body of research that suggests that being a night owl could have negative effects on health. Many of these effects may be attributable to a misalignment between a person's internal clock, or circadian rhythm, and the socially imposed timing of work and other activities, the researchers said. "'Night owls' trying to live in a 'morning lark' world may have health consequences for their bodies," study co-author Kristen Knutson, an associate professor of neurology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, said in a statement.

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Ministerie: neem alleen ‘lege’ laptop en telefoon mee naar China, Rusland, Iran en Turkije – Buitenland – Voor nieuws, achtergronden en columns - Ondernemers wordt verder sterk aangeraden hun Nederlandse telefoon überhaupt niet aan te zetten in China, maar in plaats daarvan een lokaal mobieltje met een prepaidkaart te kopen, die bij vertrek w…

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Scientists Discover That Puffin Beaks Are Fluorescent

A scientist in England discovered that the bills of Atlantic puffins glow like freshly cracked glow sticks when under a UV light. reports of how ornithologist Jamie Dunning stumbled upon the discovery: Dunning normally works with twites, another type of bird, but he had been wondering if puffins had Day-Glo beaks for a while, since crested auklets -- seabirds in the same family -- also have light-up bills. So one January day, while having a "troubling" time in the lab, he threw off the lights and shone a UV light on a puffin carcass. "What happened was quite impressive, really," he said. The two yellow ridges on the puffin's bill -- called the lamella and the cere -- lit up like a firefly. And it's real fluorescence, Dunning emphasizes: something about those parts of the puffin bill is allowing that UV light to be absorbed and re-emitted as a bright glowing light. The fact some birds have this quality and some birds don't indicates the fluorescence certainly has some use for the puffins, Dunning said, but he's not sure what that use might be. "The bill of a puffin is forged by generations, hundreds and thousands of years, of sexual selection. There's a lot going on there. That's why it's so colorful and pretty." But the radiant color is almost certainly not being used as a headlight, he said. He said whatever's making the beak glow is reacting with the UV light waves, and those light waves aren't around in the dark.

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ITE534 Cyberwarfare and Terrorism (8) - The information contained in the 2018 CSU Handbook was accurate at the date of publication: 06 April 2018. The University reserves the right to vary the information at any time without notice.

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Humans Produce New Brain Cells Throughout Their Lives, Say Researchers

An anonymous reader shares a report: Humans continue to produce new neurons in a part of their brain involved in learning, memory and emotion throughout adulthood, scientists have revealed, countering previous theories that production stopped after adolescence. The findings could help in developing treatments for neurological conditions such as dementia. Many new neurons are produced in the hippocampus in babies, but it has been a matter of hot debate whether this continues into adulthood -- and if so, whether this rate drops with age as seen in mice and nonhuman primates. Although some research had found new neurons in the hippocampus of older humans, a recent study scotched the idea, claiming that new neurons in the hippocampus were at undetectable levels by our late teens.

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Biometric credit card technology – An Overview

Of late there are several companies that are making use of technology to prevent plastic card related fraudulent activities by making use of the concept of biometric fingerprint activated debit and credit cards.

Companies like SmartMetric, Zwipe, and Visa have taken the initiative. It is being said that biometric fingerprint technology has the ability to change the scenario of the manner in which card payments are made worldwide thereby restricting fraudsters to carry out their horrendous activities.

However, there is an important implication in this. This concept can be applied for preventing fraud at that takes place at POS or Point of Sale. However, experts emphasize that preventing fraud at POS is just not enough; it has to be also effective for CNP or Card-not-present transactions.

Statistical data

The Nilson Report states that in the year 2014 alone, the losses incurred on credit card fraud amounted to a whopping USD$16.31 billion across the globe. And interestingly, United States alone suffered losses worth USD$7.86 billion. The type of fraud that caused the loss in figures includes losses from card-not-present transactions, stolen cards, lost cards, and counterfeiting. And what is even more striking is that experts still predict that fraudulent activity related to plastic cards (debit as well as credit cards) will amount to a loss worth more than USD$35.54 billion by the year 2020.

To counteract the fraudulent activities, MasterCard came into a contract with Zwipe in the year 2014 and the world’s first biometric contactless payment card was launched. It had fingerprint sensor that was integrated. Soon companies like Visa followed suit and its designs were based entirely on Visa (EVM) chip standard, MasterCard, and EuroPay. The aforesaid cards work on the principle of “match-on-card” authentication and makes use of biometric readers at the terminals (ATM).

Aside from the above, SmartMetric came up with EMV compliant biometric plastic card, which makes use of a built-in fingerprint reader inside the card, which enables to identify the identity of the cardholder.

Banking sector opt for prevention methods for credit card frauds

The small chip that you get to see on your plastic cards is the first line of defense when it comes to preventing credit card fraud. In fact banks are carrying out experiments to improve upon means of combating plastic card frauds. In fact, fingerprint scanners are also being tested by banks.

Concept of Motion Code

The concept of Motion code has been found to fight credit card fraud in a totally new manner. In this the CVV number that is on the reverse side of the cards is nothing but a display that is mainly digital in nature.

The fact that the number is constantly changing makes it impossible for anyone to use the number for fraudulent transactions. If at all anyone tries to misuse it, he won’t be able to.

Samsung Pay, Android Pay, and Apple Pay refrain from sending the actual or so called real plastic card numbers to the merchants. Instead they make use of so called one-time code that prevents your original digits from being transmitted to the merchants.

It has been observed that so called “fingerprint validation technology” is effective even in case of smartphone digital wallets as in Apple Pay. However, there is one hitch and that is this concept does not work well with the older phones. And for this reason every effort is being made so that the older phones can be made compatible with appropriate biometric verification tools thereby curbing the incidence of CNP or card-not-present transactions. Other options that are being tried out for preventing credit card frauds are voice recognition and facial recognition. And it is being apprehended that it is not too far when these technologies will be implemented too.

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Robot Lures Industrial Hackers to Help ID Them - Hey, hackers: The Georgia Institute of Technology wants you to know that your attempts at industrial espionage will not be taken lying down. You just might not realize you’re being attacked back when…

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