Daily Archives: May 1, 2020

Cybercriminals Are Exploiting the Covid-19 Pandemic

Cybercriminals are actively targeting Covid-19 hotspots with malware and phishing campaigns, according to a new report from Bitdefender.

The report, “Coronavirus-themed Threat Reports Haven’t Flattened the Curve,” shows a direct correlation between confirmed Covid-19 cases and malware attacks exploiting the crisis.

These findings confirm a similar report that showed a 30000% increase in Covid-19-themed attacks from January to March.

“Countries that have reported the largest number of Coronavirus-themed [scams] seem to have also been those hit hardest by the pandemic,” the report stated, showing a concurrent increase in both confirmed cases and malware attacks in South Africa in April as an example.

Data from the Bitdefender report also indicated a connection between an increase in phishing campaigns in areas where testing for Covid-19 has become available.

“[W]e can safely infer that people who get tested are interested in learning more about potential treatments, medicine, medical best practices, and maybe even other patient’s experiences… those spending more time online looking for information about COVID-19 are more likely to fall prey to scams and malware related to Coronavirus,” the report stated. “Receiving an email claiming to have new and interesting information about the pandemic with more exclusive information embedded within the attachment is the perfect lure.”

Read the full report here.

The post Cybercriminals Are Exploiting the Covid-19 Pandemic appeared first on Adam Levin.

Cyber Security Roundup for May 2020

A roundup of UK focused Cyber and Information Security News, Blog Posts, Reports and general Threat Intelligence from the previous calendar month, April 2020.

As well reported, UK foreign exchange firm Travelex business operations were brought to a standstill after its IT systems were severely hit by the Sodinokibi ransomware at the start of the year. It was reported that
 REvil group were behind the attack and had stolen 5Gbs of customer personal data, and then demanded $6 million (£4.6m) in ransom. The Wall Street Journal reported in April 2020 that Travelex had reached a deal, paying $2.3 million (£1.84m) in Bitcoin to the cybercriminals. This sort of response incentivises future ransomware activity against all other businesses and could lead to an inflation of future cyber-extortion demands in my opinion.

Cognizant, a US large digital solutions provider and IT consultancy, was reportedly hit by the Maze ransomware.  Maze, previously known as the 'ChaCha' ransomware, like the Travelex attack, not only encrypts victim's files but steals sensitive data from the IT systems as well. Enabling the bad guys to threaten the publishing of the stolen data if the organisation cough up to their cyber-extortion demands, so the bad guys are very much rinsing and repeating lucrative attacks.

Microsoft wrote an excellent blog covering the 'motley crew' of ransomware payloads  The blog covers ransomware payloads said to be straining security operations especially in health care, Microsoft warned, urging security teams to look for signs of credential theft and lateral movement activities that herald attacks.

Researchers continue to be busy in exposing large sensitive datasets within misconfigured cloud services.  In April researchers reported 14 million Ring user details exposed in misconfigured AWS open database, fitness software Kinomap had 42 million user details exposed in another misconfigured database, and Maropost had 95 million users exposed, also in a misconfigured database.

Nintendo confirmed 160,000 of its users' accounts had been accessed, exposing PII and Nintendo store accounts. The gaming giant Nintendo said from April, its user's accounts were accessed through the Nintendo Network ID (NNID), which is primarily used for Switch gaming. The company is unaware exactly how the intrusion had occurred, saying it “seems to have been made by impersonating login to “Nintendo Network ID. “If you use the same password for your NNID and Nintendo account, your balance and registered credit card / PayPal may be illegally used at My Nintendo Store or Nintendo eShop. Please set different passwords for NNID and Nintendo account,” Nintendo said. In response to these issues the company has abolished user’s ability to log into their Nintendo account via NNID and passwords for both NNID and Nintendo accounts are being reset and the company is recommending multi-factor authentication be set up for each account.  The account breaches weren't the only cyber issue affecting Nintendo in April, it reported that a bot, dubbed 'Bird Bot' was used by a reseller to buy up Nintendo Switches before customers could make their Switch purchase from Nintendo. The bot using reseller benefits at the expense of consumers, in buying up all available Switches directly from Nintendo, they are able to sell them on for higher prices, so making a quick and easy tidy profit, due to the current high demand of Switches and lack of supply.

April was a busy month for security updates, Microsoft released security patches fixing 113 vulnerabilities on Patch Tuesday and an out-of-band patch for Teams found by researchers at CyberArk. Patch Tuesday for a quiet one for Adobe, though they released fixes for 21 critical vulnerabilities in illustrator and Bridge at the end of the month.  Oracle released a huge 397 fixes for 450 CVEs in over 100 products, which I think is a new record for a patch release!  

Sophos said it and its customers were attacked when a previously unknown SQL injection vulnerability in their physical and virtual XG Firewall units was exploited. “The attack affected systems configured with either the administration interface (HTTPS admin service) or the user portal exposed on the WAN zone. In addition, firewalls manually configured to expose a firewall service (e.g. SSL VPN) to the WAN zone that shares the same port as the admin or User Portal were also affected,Sophos said.

There were security critical patch releases for Mozilla Firefox, Chrome (twice), and for 8 Cisco products. A bunch of VMware patches for including a CVSS scored 10 (highest possible) in vCenter, a critical in vRealize Log Insight and a critical cross-site scripting vulnerability in ESXi 6.5 and 6.7. And finally, on the patch front, Intel decided to discontinue multiple products, as it was unable to keep ahead of patch their vulnerabilities.

Stay safe, safe home and watch for the scams.



    Microsoft Threat Protection leads in real-world detection in MITRE ATT&CK evaluation

    The latest round of MITRE ATT&CK evaluations proved yet again that Microsoft customers can trust they are fully protected even in the face of such an advanced attack as APT29. When looking at protection results out of the box, without configuration changes, Microsoft Threat Protection (MTP):

    • Provided nearly 100 percent coverage across the attack chain stages.
    • Delivered leading out-of-box visibility into attacker activities, dramatically reducing manual work for SOCs vs. vendor solutions that relied on specific configuration changes.
    • Had the fewest gaps in visibility, diminishing attacker ability to operate undetected.

    Beyond just detection and visibility, automation, prioritization, and prevention are key to stopping this level of advanced attack. During testing, Microsoft:

    • Delivered automated real-time alerts without the need for configuration changes or custom detections; Microsoft is one of only three vendors who did not make configuration changes or rely on delayed detections.
    • Flagged more than 80 distinct alerts, and used built-in automation to correlate these alerts into only two incidents that mirrored the two MITRE ATT&CK simulations, improving SOC analyst efficiency and reducing attacker dwell time and ability to persist.
    • Identified seven distinct steps during the attack in which our protection features, which were disabled during testing, would have automatically intervened to stop the attack.

    Microsoft Threat Experts provided further in-depth context and recommendations for further investigation through our comprehensive in-portal forensics. The evaluation also proved how Microsoft Threat Protection goes beyond just simple visibility into attacks, but also records all stages of the attack in which MTP would have stepped in to block the attack and automatically remediate any affected assets.

    While the test focused on endpoint detection and response, MITRE’s simulated APT29 attack spans multiple attack domains, creating opportunities to empower defenders beyond just endpoint protection. Microsoft expanded defenders’ visibility beyond the endpoint with Microsoft Threat Protection (MTP). MTP has been recognized by both Gartner and Forrester as having extended detection and response capabilities. MTP takes protection to the next level by combining endpoint protection from Microsoft Defender ATP (EDR) with protection for email and productivity tools (Office 365 ATP), identity (Azure ATP), and cloud applications (Microsoft Cloud App Security [MCAS]). Below, we will share a deep-dive analysis and explanation of how MTP successfully demonstrated novel optic and detection advantages throughout the MITRE evaluation that only our solution can provide.

    Incident-based approach enables real-time threat prioritization and remediation

    Analyzing the MITRE evaluation results from the lens of breadth and coverage, as the diagrams below show, MTP provided exceptional coverage for all but one of the 19 tested attack stages. This means that in real life, the SOC would have received alerts and given full visibility into each of the stages of the two simulated attack scenarios across initial access, deployment of tools, discovery, persistence, credential access, lateral movement, and exfiltration. In Microsoft Threat Protection, alerts carry with them rich context—including a detailed process tree showing the recorded activities (telemetry) that led to the detection, the assets involved, all supporting evidence, as well as a description of what the alert means and recommendations for SOC action. Note that true alerts are attributed in the MITRE evaluation with the “Alert” modifier, and not all items marked as “Tactic” or “Technique” are actual alerts.

    MTP detection coverage across the attack kill-chain stages, with block opportunities.

    Figure 1: MTP detection coverage across the attack kill-chain stages, with block opportunities.

    Figure 1: MTP detection coverage across the attack kill-chain stages, with block opportunities.

    Note: Step 10, persistence execution, is registered as a miss due to a software bug, discovered during the test, that restricted visibility on Step 10—“Persistence Execution.” These evaluations are a valuable opportunity to continually improve our product, and this bug was fixed shortly after testing completed.

    The MITRE APT29 evaluation focused solely on detection of an advanced attack; it did not measure whether or not participants were able to also prevent an attack. However, we believe that real-world protection is more than just knowing that an attack occurred—prevention of the attack is a critical element. While protections were intentionally turned off to allow the complete simulation to run, using the audit-only prevention configuration, MTP also captured and documented where the attack would have been completely prevented, including—as shown in the diagram above – the very start of the breach, if protections had been left on.

    Microsoft Threat Protection also demonstrated how it promotes SOC efficiency and reduces attacker dwell time and sprawl. SOC alert fatigue is a serious problem; raising a large volume of alerts to investigate does not help SOC analysts understand where to devote their limited time and resources. Detection and response products must prioritize the most important attacker actions with the right context in near real time.

    In contrast to alert-only approaches, MTP’s incident-based approach automatically identifies complex links between attacker activities in different domains including endpoint, identity, and cloud applications at an altitude that only Microsoft can provide because we have optics into each of these areas. In this scenario, MTP connected seemingly unrelated alerts using supporting telemetry across domains into just two end-to-end incidents, dramatically simplifying prioritization, triage, and investigation. In real life, this also simplifies automated response and enables SOC teams to scale capacity and capabilities. MITRE addresses a similar problem with the “correlated” modifier on telemetry and alerts but does not reference incidents (just yet).

    Figure 2: MTP portal showing 2nd day attack incident including correlated alerts and affected assets.

    Figure 2: MTP portal showing 2nd day attack incident including correlated alerts and affected assets.

    Figure 3: 2nd day incident with all correlated alerts for SOC efficiency, and the attack incident graph.

    Figure 3: 2nd day incident with all correlated alerts for SOC efficiency, and the attack incident graph.

    Microsoft is the leader in out-of-the-box performance

    Simply looking at the number of simulation steps covered—or, alternatively, at the number of steps with no coverage, where less is more—the MITRE evaluation showed MTP provided the best protection with zero delays or configuration changes.

    Microsoft believes protection must be durable without requiring a lot of SOC configuration changes (especially during an ongoing attack), and it should not create friction by delivering false positives.

    The chart below shows Microsoft as the vendor with the least number of steps categorized as “None” (also referred to as “misses”) out of the box. The chart also shows the number of detections marked with “Configuration Change” modifier, which was done quite considerably, as well as delayed detections (“Delayed” modifier), which indicate in-flight modifications and latency in detections.

    Microsoft is one of only three vendors that made no modifications or had any delays during the test.

    Microsoft is one of only three vendors that made no modifications or had any delays during the test.

    Similarly, when looking at visibility and coverage for the 57 MITRE ATT&CK techniques replicated during this APT29 simulation, Microsoft’s coverage shows top performance at 95 percent of the techniques covered, as shown in the chart below.

    A product’s coverage of techniques is an important consideration for customers when evaluating security solutions, often with specific attacker(s) in mind, which in turn determines the attacker techniques they are most concerned with and, consequently, the coverage they most care about.
    Figure 5: Coverage across all attack techniques in the evaluation.

    Figure 5: Coverage across all attack techniques in the evaluation.

    MTP provided unique detection and visibility across identity, cloud, and endpoints

    The powerful capabilities of Microsoft Threat Protection originate from unique signals not just from endpoints but also from identity and cloud apps. This combination of capabilities provides coverage where other solutions may lack visibility. Below are three examples of sophisticated attacks simulated during the evaluation that span across domains (i.e., identity, cloud, endpoint) and showcase the unique visibility and unmatched detections provided by MTP:

    • Detecting the most dangerous lateral movement attack: Golden Ticket—Unlike other vendors, MTP’s unique approach for detecting Golden Ticket attacks does not solely rely on endpoint-based command-line sequences, PowerShell strings like “Invoke-Mimikatz”, or DLL-loading heuristics that can all be evaded by advanced attackers. MTP leverages direct optics into the Domain Controller via Azure ATP, the identity component of MTP. Azure ATP detects Golden Ticket attacks using a combination of machine learning and protocol heuristics by looking at anomalies such as encryption downgrade, forged authorization data, nonexistent account, ticket anomaly, and time anomaly. MTP is the only product that provided the SOC context of the encryption downgrade, together with the source and target machines, resources accessed, and the identities involved.
    • Exfiltration over alternative protocol: Catching and stopping attackers as they move from endpoint to cloud—MTP leverages exclusive signal from Microsoft Cloud App Security (MCAS), the cloud access security broker (CASB) component of MTP, which provides visibility and alerts for a large variety of cloud services, including OneDrive. Using the MCAS Conditional Access App Control mechanism, MTP was able to monitor cloud traffic for data exfiltration and raise an automatic alert when a ZIP archive with stolen files was exfiltrated to a remote OneDrive account controlled by the attacker. It is important to note the OneDrive account used by MITRE Redteam was unknown to the Microsoft team prior to being automatically detected during the evaluation.
    • Uncovering Remote System Discovery attacks that abuse LDAP—Preceding lateral movement, attackers commonly abuse the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) protocol to query user groups and user information. Microsoft introduced a powerful new sensor for unique visibility of LDAP queries, aiding security analyst investigation and allowing detection of suspicious patterns of LDAP activity. Through this sensor, Microsoft Defender ATP, the endpoint component of MTP, avoids reliance on PowerShell strings and snippets. Rather, Microsoft Defender ATP uses the structure and fields of each LDAP query originating from the endpoint to the Domain Controller (DC) to spot broad requests or suspicious queries for accounts and groups. Where possible, MTP also combines and correlates LDAP attacks detected on the endpoint by Microsoft Defender ATP with LDAP events seen on the DC by Azure ATP.

    Figure 6: Golden Ticket alert based on optics on Domain Controller activity.

    Figure 6: Golden Ticket alert based on optics on Domain Controller activity.

    Figure 7: Suspicious LDAP activity detected using deep native OS sensor.

    Figure 7: Suspicious LDAP activity detected using deep native OS sensor.

    Microsoft Threat Experts: Threat context and hunting skills when and where needed

    In this edition of MITRE ATT&CK evaluation, for the first time, Microsoft products were configured to take advantage of the managed threat hunting service Microsoft Threat Experts. Microsoft Threat Experts provides proactive hunting for the most important threats in the network, including human adversary intrusions, hands-on-keyboard attacks, or advanced attacks like cyberespionage. During the evaluation, the service operated with the same strategy normally used in real customer incidents: the goal is to send targeted attack notifications that provide real value to analysts with contextual analysis of the activities. Microsoft Threat Experts enriches security signals and raises the risk level appropriately so that the SOC can focus on what’s important, and breaches don’t go unnoticed.

    Microsoft Threat Experts notifications stand out among other participating vendors as these notifications are fully integrated into the experience, incorporated into relevant incidents and connected to relevant events, alerts, and other evidence. Microsoft Threat Experts is enabling SOC teams to effortlessly and seamlessly receive and merge additional data and recommendations in the context of the incident investigation.

    Figure 8: Microsoft Threat Experts alert integrates into the portal and provides hyperlinked rich context.

    Figure 8: Microsoft Threat Experts alert integrates into the portal and provides hyperlinked rich context.

    Transparency in testing is key to threat detection, prevention

    Microsoft Threat Protection delivers real-world detection, response, and, ultimately, protection from advanced attacks, as demonstrated in the latest MITRE evaluation. Core to MITRE’s testing approach is emulating real-world attacks to understand whether solutions are able to adequately detect and respond to them. We saw that Microsoft Threat Protection provided clear detection across all categories and delivered additional context that shows the full scope of impact across an entire environment. MTP empowers customers not only to detect attacks, offering human experts as needed, and easily return to a secured state with automated remediation. As is true in the real world, our human Threat Experts were available on demand to provide even more context and help with.

    We thank MITRE for the opportunity to contribute to the test with unique threat intelligence that only three participants stepped forward to share. Our unique intelligence and breadth of signal and visibility across the entire environment is what enables us to continuously score top marks. We look forward to participating in the next evaluation, and we welcome your feedback and partnership throughout our journey.


    Moti and the entire Microsoft Threat Protection team

    Related Links:


    The post Microsoft Threat Protection leads in real-world detection in MITRE ATT&CK evaluation appeared first on Microsoft Security.

    This Week in Security News: Shade Ransomware Shuts Down, Releases Decryption Keys and WebMonitor RAT Bundled with Zoom Installer

    week in security

    Welcome to our weekly roundup, where we share what you need to know about the cybersecurity news and events that happened over the past few days. This week, read about how the operators of the Shade (Troldesh) ransomware have shut down and released more than 750,000 decryption keys. Also, learn about an attack using Zoom installers to spread a WebMonitor RAT malware.

    Read on:

    The Industry 4.0 Lab Never Ignores Brownfields – What POLIMI and Trend Micro Aim to Prove

    It takes time for new technologies to penetrate the market and even the most innovative technology must be used safely and with confidence. Industry 4.0 technology is no exception. Engineers and researchers, including those at Politecnico di Milano (POLIMI) and Trend Micro, are currently investigating how to map ICT technology principles onto OT environments, including factory environments.

    Shade (Troldesh) Ransomware Shuts Down and Releases Decryption Keys

    The operators of the Shade (Troldesh) ransomware have shut down and, as a sign of goodwill, have released more than 750,000 decryption keys that past victims can now use to recover their files. Security researchers from Kaspersky Lab have confirmed the validity of the leaked keys and are now working on creating a free decryption tool.

    Trend Micro’s Top Ten MITRE Evaluation Considerations

    The MITRE ATT&CK framework, and the evaluations, have gone a long way in helping advance the security industry, and the individual security products serving the market. The insight garnered from these evaluations is incredibly useful but can be hard to understand. In this blog, read Trend Micro’s top 10 key takeaways for its evaluation results.  

    New Android Malware Steals Banking Passwords, Private Data and Keystrokes

    A new type of mobile banking malware has been discovered abusing Android’s accessibility features to exfiltrate sensitive data from financial applications, read user SMS messages, and hijack SMS-based two-factor authentication codes. Dubbed “EventBot” by Cybereason researchers, the malware can target over 200 different financial apps, including banking, money transfer services, and crypto-currency wallets. 

    Principles of a Cloud Migration – Security, The W5H – Episode WHAT?

    Last week in Trend Micro’s cloud migration blog series, we explained the “WHO” of securing a cloud migration, detailing each of the roles involved with implementing a successful security practice during the migration. This week, Trend Micro touches on the “WHAT” of security: the key principles required before your first workload moves.  

    Critical WordPress e-Learning Plugin Bugs Open Door to Cheating

    Researchers have disclosed critical-severity flaws in three popular WordPress plugins used widely by colleges and universities: LearnPress, LearnDash and LifterLMS. The flaws, now patched, could allow students to steal personal information, change their grades, cheat on tests and more. 

    WebMonitor RAT Bundled with Zoom Installer

    The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the usefulness of communication apps for work-from-home setups. However, as expected, cybercriminals look to exploit popular trends and user behavior. Trend Micro has witnessed threats against several messaging apps, including Zoom. In April, Trend Micro spotted an attack using Zoom installers to spread a cryptocurrency miner. Trend Micro recently encountered a similar attack that drops a different malware: RevCode WebMonitor RAT. 

    Group Behind TrickBot Spreads Fileless BazarBackdoor

    A new campaign is spreading a new malware named “BazarBackdoor,” a fileless backdoor created by the same threat actors behind TrickBot, according to BleepingComputer. The conclusion is drawn due to similarities in code, crypters, and infrastructure between the two malware variants. The social engineering attacks used to spread the backdoor use topics such as customer complaints, COVID-19-themed payroll reports, and employee termination lists for the emails they send out. 

    Critical Adobe Illustrator, Bridge and Magento Flaws Patched

    Adobe is warning of critical flaws in Adobe Bridge, Adobe Illustrator and the Magento e-commerce platform. If exploited, the most severe vulnerabilities could enable remote code execution on affected systems. Francis Provencher, Mat Powell, and an anonymous reporter were credited for discovering the flaws, all working with Trend Micro’s Zero Day Initiative.

    Guidance on Kubernetes Threat Modeling

    Kubernetes is one of the most used container orchestration systems in cloud environments. As such, like any widely used application, it is an attractive target for cybercriminals and other threat actors. In this blog, Trend Micro shares three general areas that cloud administrators need to secure their deployments against, as they can introduce threats or risks to their Kubernetes-driven containerization strategies.

    Loki Info Stealer Propagates Through LZH Files

    Trend Micro previously encountered a spam sample that propagates the info stealer Loki through Windows Cabinet (CAB) files. Recently, Trend Micro also acquired another sample that delivers the same malware, but through LZH compressed archive files. Trend Micro detects the attachment and the dropper as TrojanSpy.Win32.LOKI.TIOIBYTU.

    Security 101: How Fileless Attacks Work and Persist in Systems

    As security measures improve, modern adversaries continue to craft sophisticated techniques to evade detection. One of the most persistent evasion techniques involves fileless attacks, which don’t require malicious software to break into a system. Instead of relying on executables, these threats misuse tools that are already in the system to initiate attacks.

    COVID-19 Lockdown Fuels Increase in RDP Attacks

    The number of attacks abusing the remote desktop protocol (RDP) to compromise corporate environments has increased significantly over the past couple of months, according to Kaspersky. With employees worldwide forced to work from home due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the volume of corporate traffic has increased significantly, just as the use of third-party services has increased to keep teams connected and efficient.

    What measures are you taking to secure your migration to the cloud? Share your thoughts in the comments below or follow me on Twitter to continue the conversation: @JonLClay.

    The post This Week in Security News: Shade Ransomware Shuts Down, Releases Decryption Keys and WebMonitor RAT Bundled with Zoom Installer appeared first on .

    Principles of a Cloud Migration – Security W5H – The When


    If you have to ask yourself when to implement security, you probably need a time machine!

    Security is as important to your migration as the actual workload you are moving to the cloud. Read that again.

    It is essential to be planning and integrating security at every single layer of both architecture and implementation. What I mean by that, is if you’re doing a disaster recovery migration, you need to make sure that security is ready for the infrastructure, your shiny new cloud space, as well as the operations supporting it. Will your current security tools be effective in the cloud? Will they still be able to do their task in the cloud? Do your teams have a method of gathering the same security data from the cloud? More importantly, if you’re doing an application migration to the cloud, when you actually implement security means a lot for your cost optimization as well.

    NIST Planning Report 02-3

    In this graph, it’s easy to see that the earlier you can find and resolve security threats, not only do you lessen the workload of infosec, but you also significantly reduce your costs of resolution. This can be achieved through a combination of tools and processes to really help empower development to take on security tasks sooner. I’ve also witnessed time and time again that there’s friction between security and application teams often resulting in Shadow IT projects and an overall lack of visibility and trust.

    Start there. Start with bringing these teams together, uniting them under a common goal: Providing value to your customer base through agile secure development. Empower both teams to learn about each other’s processes while keeping the customer as your focus. This will ultimately bring more value to everyone involved.

    At Trend Micro, we’ve curated a number of security resources designed for DevOps audiences through our Art of Cybersecurity campaign.  You can find it at https://www.trendmicro.com/devops/.

    Also highlighted on this page is Mark Nunnikhoven’s #LetsTalkCloud series, which is a live stream series on LinkedIn and YouTube. Seasons 1 and 2 have some amazing content around security with a DevOps focus – stay tuned for Season 3 to start soon!

    This is part of a multi-part blog series on things to keep in mind during a cloud migration project.  You can start at the beginning which was kicked off with a webinar here: https://resources.trendmicro.com/Cloud-One-Webinar-Series-Secure-Cloud-Migration.html.

    Also, feel free to give me a follow on LinkedIn for additional security content to use throughout your cloud journey!

    The post Principles of a Cloud Migration – Security W5H – The When appeared first on .

    New Android Malware Steals Banking Passwords, Private Data and Keystrokes

    A new type of mobile banking malware has been discovered abusing Android's accessibility features to exfiltrate sensitive data from financial applications, read user SMS messages, and hijack SMS-based two-factor authentication codes. Called "EventBot" by Cybereason researchers, the malware is capable of targeting over 200 different financial apps, including banking, money transfer services,

    Mental Health and Mindful Tech

    Reading Time: ~ 3 min.

    Anyone who has spent late nights scrolling through their social media feed or grinding on video games knows one thing is true: Technology can be a good thing, but only in moderation. Like too much of anything, spending a lot of time on the internet or social media can lead to unhealthy consequences. Since May is mental health awareness month, we thought it would be a good time to remind ourselves of the importance finding a healthy balance when it comes to using technology.

    Social distancing on social media

    The global coronavirus pandemic continues to test our own personal resilience. While most of us are sheltering at home, we’re also relying more and more on technology for work and staying connected to family and friends via virtual conferencing and social media. But too much social media can be a bad thing, too.

    The more scientists study social media use, the more they find negative side effects:

    • Young people who use social media more than two hours a day tend to rate their mental health as fair or poor compared with less frequent users.
    • Occasional users of social media are almost 3x less likely to be depressed than heavy users.
    • People who restrict social media use to a half-hour a day have significantly lower depressive and anxiety symptoms.

    If you’re someone who finds periods of abstention reinvigorating, you may want to add a digital detox to go along with New Year’s resolutions and Sober October.

    Data loss blues

    When you spend a lot of time on a computer, it’s only a matter of time before you lose something important. It could be financial documents, or an album of precious family photos, or maybe a big work presentation. Worse yet, you could have your entire system taken over by ransomware. Stressed yet? You’re not alone. We asked IT pros what they would rather lose than their data and here’s what they had to say:

    Things IT pros would rather lose than data:

    • Internet connection
    • Cell service
    • Internal organ
    • Wedding ring
    • Robot lawnmower
    • Bacon

    That’s right. Bacon! Kidding aside, losing data can be stressful. And many businesses don’t survive after major data loss. That’s why using strong cybersecurity solutions, like cloud-based antivirus, is so important, as is backing up the important files and folders on your computer. Do it for the sake of your data, or do it for the bacon, but just do it! You’ll thank us.

    Technology never sleeps

    If you think it’s hard for those just using technology, think of the people who have to work in technology. If you’ve ever thought about a career in tech, you better like the night shift. Technology never sleeps. The best time to perform upgrades or installations is late at night when most users are offline and there’s less traffic on the network. Want to launch a new website? Midnight is probably the best time. But all this late-night system testing and debugging can lead to loss of sleep and, in turn, an unhealthy dose of stress.

    And it’s not just tech pros doing tech things late at night. If you’re up late scrolling your feed and posting comments, you may not be sleeping as well as you should. The blue light from phone screens and computers reduce your levels of melatonin, which is the hormone that controls your sleep. And lack of sleep can lead to several harmful side-effects, including:

    • Anxiety, insomnia, depression, forgetfulness
    • Impaired thinking and slow reaction time
    • Increased risk for heart disease, high blood pressure, stroke and diabetes
    • Sleep apnea, low testosterone and decreased sex drive
    • Skin lines, dark circles under the eyes, weight gain

    So, avoid using tech too close to bedtime if you can. Reduced stimulation works wonders for good sleep habits. The news will still be there in the morning.

    There’s an app for that

    It’s not all doom and gloom when it comes to technology and mental health. In fact, advancements in health technology are emerging at a rapid rate. One area of progress is apps that help people with mental health issues. The National Institute of Mental Health has identified several promising trends, including:

    • Apps that provide tools for managing stress, anxiety and sleep problems
    • Cognitive remediation apps that help people develop thinking and coping skills
    • Illness management apps that put trained health care providers in touch with patients
    • Mindfulness, meditation and relaxation apps

    Resilience online and offline

    It’s a measure of our personal resilience when we’re able to persevere through something as disruptive as coronavirus. Having social media and the internet can help. But we have to be mindful to avoid overdoing it. We also have to be careful to protect the digital devices we’ve come to rely on with appropriate cybersecurity. That’s cyber-resilience. And it can do wonders for your peace of mind and your overall mental health.

    The post Mental Health and Mindful Tech appeared first on Webroot Blog.

    Cyber News Rundown: Hackers Aim at Oil Producers

    Reading Time: ~ 2 min.

    As Oil Prices Drop, Hackers Take Aim at Producers

    With the recent crash in oil prices, and supply rapidly piling up, a new spear phishing campaign has begun targeting executives at several major oil producers. A massive number of emails started being distributed in late March, without the telltale signs of amateur phishing like bad spelling and grammar. Furthermore, the emails appeared to be from a sender with knowledge of the oil and gas industry. Two documents within the emails posed as bid contracts and proposal forms but were used to deliver the final payload, a trojan called Agent Tesla, which is a malware-as-a-service that can perform a variety of malicious activities on a system.

    Software Affiliates Sending Phony Expiration Notices

    Several dubious third-party software affiliates have been spotted distributing a campaign targeting antivirus users, prompting them to renew their subscription through the affiliate’s link, thus netting them additional revenue. Most affiliate programs have strict guidelines as to how the company can promote the affiliated software, and purposely misleading customers can lead to major penalties. Emails displaying expiration notices for Norton and McAfee have both been identified. With a percentage commission, the affiliate could be earning up to 20% of the purchase price for each fraudulent sale.

    Philadelphia Sandwich Chain Faces Data Breach

    PrimoHoagies, a Philadelphia-based sandwich chain, was the unsuspecting victim to a data breach that went undetected from July 2019 until this February. The breach affected all online sales during that time period, though no in-store purchase data was compromised. By April, the company released an official statement regarding the breach. But the admission came only days before a data security lawsuit was filed by a customer who had seen fraudulent charges on his credit card.

    Decryption Keys for Shade Ransomware Made Available

    After nearly five years of operation, the creators of Shade ransomware have decided to close shop and give out nearly 750,000 decryption keys along with an apology for harm done. While most ransomware variants tend to purposely avoid Russia and Ukraine, Shade focused specifically on these two countries during its run. Though the many decryption keys and master keys have been made public, the instructions for recovering the actual files are not especially user-friendly and a full decryption tool has not yet been released.

    ExecuPharm Hit with Ransomware Attack

    One of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the U.S. recently suffered a ransomware attack that not only encrypted their systems but also gain access to a trove of highly sensitive personal information belonging to thousands of clients. It is believed that the attack started with in mid-March with phishing emails targeting specific employees with the widest access to internal systems. At this time, there is no confirmed decryption tool for the ransomware variant used and the company has begun contacting affected customers.

    The post Cyber News Rundown: Hackers Aim at Oil Producers appeared first on Webroot Blog.

    Phishers Increasingly Incorporating reCaptcha API into Campaigns

    Security researchers observed that digital attackers are increasingly incorporating the reCaptcha API into their phishing campaigns. Barracuda Networks explained that malicious actors are starting to outfit their phishing attempts with reCaptcha walls so that they can shield their landing pages from automated URL analysis tools as well as add a sense of legitimacy to their […]… Read More

    The post Phishers Increasingly Incorporating reCaptcha API into Campaigns appeared first on The State of Security.

    Weekly Update 189

    Weekly Update 189

    Last week, I got the vid out a day late and by early afternoon today it looked like I was heading the same way. So, for the first time I ended up just live streaming it direct to YouTube. I actually quite liked the interaction, although I picked the quietest time in the day with most of the world asleep and obviously the audio quality wasn't the same as sitting in my office but still, not a bad end result I reckon.

    I decided to sit outside on the boat as in just a few hours from now, our restrictions here will begin lifting and we'll actually be able to head out on it for leisure again. I talk a bit about what's changing here, what our numbers look like and, of course, the whole COVIDSafe situation. Our contact tracing app has been really well received here by and large but holy shit, those who don't like it are an angry bunch, just listen to one example I read out. All that and some IoT and networking bits as well in this week's update.

    Weekly Update 189
    Weekly Update 189
    Weekly Update 189
    Weekly Update 189


    1. Apparently, IoT'ing your garage door is much harder than I thought it would be (but possibly, also very simple)
    2. I finally got a couple of Ubiquiti cams working wirelessly in the house (that's a link to the tail of the tweet thread that works through it all)
    3. Here's that video on how funny it is to complain about privacy via the world's largest social media platforms 🤣 (the irony is thick with this one...)
    4. We ran a panel on Wednesday with 5 independent parties discussing COVIDSafe and what was learned tearing it down (tl;dr - it does precisely what we were told it would do)
    5. Sponsored by Varonis. SecurityFWD. A brand new YouTube show from Varonis. Watch Episode 1: How Far can Wi-Fi Travel?

    What is Product Strategy and How Do You Develop One?

    A product strategy is a key contributor to the success of any product. It serves as a guide for all things you are going to do to ensure you deliver a winner. It can also help in determining what to do if a product didn’t turn out as expected.

    What exactly is it and how do you put one together?

    We discuss these and more in this article. We invite you to continue reading.

    What is Product Strategy?

    A product strategy is a high-level document that spells out what you intend to achieve and all that your teams have to do to make it possible. Ideally, it will answer important questions pertaining to a product, including relevance to business goals, target users, and benefits to users.

    Basically, this is a plan that dictates the steps that promote the achievement of the ultimate goal(s) of a product. It serves as a guide when trying to make key decisions on the product.

    There are different types of product strategy, including:

    • Differentiation strategy (aimed at making a product stand out from rivals)
    • Cost strategy (aimed at delivering a high-quality product at the most affordable price)
    • Focus strategy (targets making a product appealing to a specific group of users)

    Components of a Product Strategy

    There are three major components of a good strategy for a product. They are:

    Product vision – Usually, this comes in the form of a statement. It addresses what you hope to achieve with a product.

    Product goals – These are the objectives you aim to achieve by developing the product. They have a link to the vision you have. Product goals help for prioritization and for assessing the success of a product after release.

    Initiatives – To some extent, product initiatives are comparable to product goals. They are themes that emerge from the latter and usually split up into actionable tasks you can manage more easily. Examples include “Increase customer delight” and “Expand target market.”

    Why is Product Strategy Essential?

    There are several ways your company can benefit from having a product strategy. Notable among these are:

    Direction – A strategy helps to provide direction for a product. With the vision determined, you have more clarity about the path to follow and actions to take for success. Your development team will have a document to refer to whenever they need more clarity.

    Decision-making – A product strategy can be helpful for better decision-making by you and your team. Having something to refer to as a guide will be invaluable when you need to tweak your original plans later. For instance, a reduction in available resources or a move by a rival may call for adjustments.

    Prioritization – The process of putting together a product roadmap involves having a strategy. It helps to determine what tasks are more important and should be tackled first. A strategy is useful for deciding themes and epics to work with.

    Developing a Product Strategy

    When building a strategy, the steps a product manager follows might not be the same as those of another. But the following are some of the most important steps, based on what many experienced PMs think:

    • Speaking with prospects for clarity on what needs a strategy should have as its focus
    • Establishing a vision that describes what you hope to achieve with a product and how to position it in the market
    • Determining the specific goals you aim to achieve when you finally release the product and possibly making them time-based
    • Figuring out how to differentiate the product from other existing or rival offerings and give it an edge
    • Deciding the brand elements that may help boost product recognition and adoption

    Use the goals you defined when creating your strategy for the formation of a product roadmap. Also, refer back to the strategy every time you are thinking of taking key decisions.

    The post What is Product Strategy and How Do You Develop One? appeared first on .